Administrative law is the branch of law that governs the organization, powers, procedures and actions of administrative agencies or tribunals. It establishes the rules and principles that govern the exercise of power by government agencies and their interactions with individuals, businesses and other organizations.
In Australia, administrative law is governed by the Administrative Law Act of 1977 and the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act of 1975. These laws establish the framework for the review of administrative decisions and actions, and provide for the rights of individuals and organizations to challenge decisions made by government agencies.
The Administrative Law Act of 1977 established the principle of the "rule of law" and the "principle of legality" which state that administrative agencies must act within the law and respect the rights of individuals and organizations. It also established the principle of "natural justice" which states that administrative agencies must give individuals and organizations a fair hearing before making decisions that affect their rights and interests.
The Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act of 1975 established the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) which is an independent body that reviews decisions made by government agencies. The AAT has the power to make decisions and to provide remedies, such as ordering that a decision be set aside or that compensation be paid.
In addition to these laws, there are also other laws and regulations that govern the operations of administrative agencies, such as laws that govern the provision of services, the protection of the environment, and the protection of human rights. These laws are subject to change and can vary depending on the specific agency and its area of responsibility.