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The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law of the country and sets out the framework for the government and the laws of the land. It was adopted in 1901 and defines the powers and responsibilities of the federal government and the state governments, as well as the rights and freedoms of citizens.
The Constitution is divided into several sections, including the preamble, and chapters dealing with the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the Commonwealth of Australia, financial arrangements between the Commonwealth and the states, the acquisition of property, the powers of the federal government, and the rights and freedoms of citizens.
The Constitution can only be amended by a referendum, in which a majority of voters in a majority of states must approve the proposed changes.
In addition to the Constitution, Australia's legal system is also based on common law, which is a system of law based on judicial decisions and precedents, rather than statutory law.
At the federal level, laws are made by the Parliament of Australia, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The federal government is responsible for making laws on matters such as taxation, foreign affairs, and defense.
Each state and territory also has its own government and parliament, and is responsible for making laws on matters such as health, education, and police.
Overall, the Constitution of Australia and the laws that stem from it, play an important role in ensuring the stability and fairness of the legal system, as well as the protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens.