Criminal law is the area of law that deals with the prosecution of individuals and organizations for conduct that is considered to be a crime or an offence under the law. Criminal law includes provisions that define the types of conduct that are considered criminal, the punishment that may be imposed for a criminal conviction, and the procedures for the investigation, prosecution, and trial of criminal cases.
In Victoria, Australia, criminal law is governed by the Criminal Procedure Act 2009 (Vic) and the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic) which are the state legislation that applies in Victoria. These acts, along with the common law, provide a framework for the investigation, prosecution, and punishment of criminal conduct in Victoria.
The Criminal Procedure Act 2009 (Vic) sets out the rules for the prosecution of criminal cases and the rights of accused persons, including the right to a fair trial, the right to remain silent, and the right to legal representation.
The Crimes Act 1958 (Vic) sets out the substantive criminal law in Victoria, including the elements of various criminal offences, such as murder, theft, and drug offenses. It also sets out the punishment that may be imposed for a criminal conviction, including imprisonment and fines.
It's important to note that in addition to the state laws, criminal conduct in Victoria is also subject to federal criminal laws such as the Commonwealth Criminal Code Act 1995, which applies to all states and territories in Australia.