Tort law is the area of law that deals with civil wrongs and injuries, such as negligence, defamation, and trespass. Tort law is intended to provide a remedy for individuals who have been harmed by the actions of others, and to deter others from engaging in similar conduct.
In Australia, tort law is primarily governed by the common law, which is a body of law that has developed over time through the decisions of courts. The common law of torts in Australia includes the principles and rules that have been established by courts to govern issues such as negligence, defamation, and trespass.
Additionally, there are also specific federal and state/territory legislation that provides for certain types of torts in Australia such as the Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (Cth) which provides for work health and safety and the consumer protection regulations.
The courts in Australia are responsible for interpreting and applying the common law of torts, and for determining the appropriate remedy for individuals who have been harmed by the actions of others.
It's important to note that the common law of torts is subject to change as a result of court decisions and legislation, and that the law of torts can vary from state to state in Australia.